The exhibition shows the culture of the numerous peoples of Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Burma.
The basis of the collection, devoted to the continental part of Southeast Asia – Indochina – is made up of items gathered by museum employees and Russian oriental experts, and also items given by collectors or acquired by them. Among the exhibits are masks of actors of the Siamese ballet who performed in St. Petersburg.
The exhibit shows examples of traditional clothing and musical instruments. Of interest are the collections of Buddhist sculpture and dress weapons from Thailand, masks of the traditional Thai Khon theatre, and domestic items, such as vessels.
The ethnic diversity of ornaments and techniques create an expressive and memorable image of the region.