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Tlingit, Eskimo and Aleut armors

The full set of traditional armor of the Tlingit warriors consisted of a heavy wooden helmet that weighed 2-3 kg, a shirt made of thick elk leather over which a laminar armor made of numerous bone or wooden plated and upholstered with threads made of tendons and connected with each other was worn. Armors were covered with magical paintings that, according to beliefs, protected the warrior during a battle. Among all American Indians, the Tlingit were the only ones who protected their bodies with armor.

Armors of the Tlingit people and the Pacific Eskimos Chugach are very similar, but the Tlingit armors were covered with totemic paintings, while Chugach armors were not decorated. The Aleut battle armors differed from the Tlingit ones in construction: they were made of wooden plates. Bone armors of the Bering Sea Eskimos are closer to those of the Aleuts. The Chukchi and the Karyak people also used similar armors as well as Japanese warriors. Remains of laminar armors have been found in East Siberia in warriors’ burials that date to the 2nd millennium BC.


  
           
Military armor.
USA, Alaska. The Tlingit. The first third of the 19th cent.
Military armor.
USA, Alaska. The Kodiak Eskimos. The first third of the 19th cent.
  Mannequin " Eskimo-warrior of Saint Lawrence Island in battle armor".
       
       
 Mannequin "Tlingit-warrior in full armor". USA. Russian America. The Tlingits, by 1804.