Department of Eastern Slavs and Peoples of European Russia
Phone: +7 (812) 328-41-41 (108 ext.)
Yekaterina MELNIKOVA, Candidate of Sciences, Head of the Department (ethnography of the North-West of Russia, memory and landscape anthropology, historical memory and museums, oral history)
Olga KONKOVA, researcher (ethnography of Baltic-Finnish peoples, ethnic history of Ingria)
Lyudmila LAVRENTIEVA, Candidate of Sciences, senior researcher (history of the MAE, collectors, Russian and Slavic culture, thing and culture, ethnic museology)
Natalia MAZALOVA, Candidate of Sciences, senior researcher (Russian ethnography, folk medicine, somatic ethnography, magic practices of Russian “Wise Ones,” ethnography of St. Petersburg)
Anton SALMIN, Doctor of Sciences, lead researcher (ethnography, folklore, and folk religion of the Chuvashes and Turkic-speaking peoples of the Volga region)
Alexander TERYUKOV, Candidate of Sciences, senior researcher (ethnography of the Komi peoples and other Finno-Ugric peoples, history of Russian and Finno-Ugric ethnography, history of the MAE, ethnic museology)
Anna TYKVINA, senior research assistant (ethnography of the Russians)
Alexander FINCHENKO, Candidate of Sciences, chief specialist (ethnography and folklore of the Russian North, muzzle-loading firearms, visual anthropology, ethnic museology)
Tatiana SCHEPANSKAYA, Candidate of Sciences, lead researcher (ethnography of the Russians, field research methods, gender studies: ethnography of maternity, stereotypes of masculinity, men’s traditions and magic; political anthropology: traditional models and symbols of power; anthropology of violence, ethnography of professional communities, youth subculture)
Tatiana YAKOVLEVA, research assistant (history of the Department, history of the Department’s collections)
History of the Department
Issues of studies of the traditional material and spiritual culture of the Slav population of European Russia, and their Finnic- and Turkic-speaking neighbors, have been a priority since the time of establishment of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (1879).
Later, the Scientific Cabinet for Europe dealt with these themes; for 15 years (from 1925 till the early 1940s) it was headed by D. K. Zelenin, Associate Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
In 1943, when the Moscow part of the Institute of Ethnography was being set up, a department of Eastern Slavs’ ethnography was established, which united Slavic ethnographers in both capitals up to 1992 (i.e. before the splitting of the Institute of Ethnography into the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology in Moscow and Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography in St. Petersburg). The Department was headed at different times by V. V. Bogdanov, Ye. E. Blomqvist, V. I. Chicherov, P. I. Kushner, V. K. Sokolova; it employed such prominent scientists as T. V. Stanyukovich, N. I. N. I. Hagen-Thorn, B. N. Putilov, N. V. Novikov, and A. K. Baiburin; S. N. Mogilyanskaya and others collaborated with it.
In 2016, the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography held a conference dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Tatiana Vladimirovna Stanyukovich. Tatiana Vladimirovna gave nearly 50 years of her life to the first Russian museum. She made a noticeable mark on many themes she brought up in her research, and was deservedly called “chronicles of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography.”
From 1961 till 1990, the Department was led by Kirill Vasilievich Chistov, Doctor of Sciences, Associate Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, professor, USSR State Prize winner, one of Russia’s leading specialists in Slavic folklore and ethnography. A web resource was published for the 90th anniversary of Dr. Chistov (1919-2007), assembling printed, audio, video, and photo materials for his biography; a bibliography of his works; the texts of six of his most important books, including a collection of selected articles; a memoir book, and a book of poetry written at different times of his life.
In 1991-2005, the Department was headed by Professor T. A. Bernshtam, Doctor of Sciences, a well-known researcher of the ethnography and folklore of Eastern Slavs and ethnocultural aspects of Christianity and Church ethnography.
From 2006 till 2016, A. I. Teryukov, Candidate of Sciences, was the Head of the Department.
Essential topics of research
Currently, the Department’s researchers work on the topics “European Russia: The space of memory and cultural heritage” (supervisor: Ye. A. Melnikova), “Anthropology of mobility” (supervisor: T. B. Schepanskaya), and “Today’s northern European city: Visual image and word” (supervisor: N. Ye. Mazalova), and “Illustrative collections of the Kunstkamera.”
T. B. Schepanskaya and N. Ye. Mazalova participate in the “Historical memory and Russian identity” fundamental research program of the RAS Presidium and Branches, working on the project “Regional, professional, and ethnocultural identity in biographic memory.”
The Department’s researchers have published the following monographs and multi-author collections of articles:
- Aspekty buduschego po entograficheskim i folklornym materialam [sbornik nauchnykh statei] [Aspects of the future according to ethnographical and folklore materials [a collection of scientific articles]] / Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Russian Academy of Sciences; [Publication editor: T. B. Schepanskaya]. — St. Petersburg: MAE RAN, 2012, 356 pp., ill.
- Kon’kova O. I. Etnograficheskiy atlas Leningradskoi oblasti. Albom [Ethnographical atlas of Leningrad Oblast. Album] / [Glinka N. V., Candidate of Sciences; Guzenkova T. S., Doctor of Sciences; Kon’kova O. I. et al. ]. St. Petersburg, 2015, 296 pp.
- Mazalova N. Ye. Lichnost russkogo “znayuschego”: etnograficheskiye aspekty issledovaniya ]Personality of a Russian “Wise One”: Ethnographical aspects of research]. St. Petersburg, Peterburgskoye vostokovedeniye, 2011.
- Melnikova Ye. A. “Voobrazhaemaya kniga”: ocherki po istorii folklora o knigakh i chtenii v Rossii [“An “imaginary book”: Essays of the history of folklore on books and reading in Russia]. St. Petersburg: Izd-vo Evropeiskogo un-ta v S.-Peterburge, 2011, 182 pp. (Studia Ethnologica. Issue 8).
- Salmin A. K. Prazdniki, obryady i verovaniya chuvashskogo naroda [Feasts, rites, and beliefs of the Chuvash people]. Cheboksary: Chuvash Book Publishers, 2016, 688 pp.
- Salmin A. K. Traditsionnye obryady i verovaniya chuvashei [Traditional rites and beliefs of the Chuvash people] / Scientific editor: I. M. Steblin-Kamensky, Member of the RAS. – St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2010, 240 pp.
- Salmin A. K. Encyclopedia of Chuvash Folk Rites and Beliefs. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2011. – 408 p.
- Salmin A. K. (under editing) Traditsionnaya kultura chuvashei. Teksty. Materialy nauchnogo arkhiva Chuvashskogo gosudarstvennogo instituta gumanitarnykh nauk [Traditional Chuvash culture. Texts. Materals of the research archive of the Chuvash State Institute of Humanities]. St. Petersburg: Faculty of Philology, St. Petersburg University, 2014, 368 pp.
- Teryukov A. I. Istoriya etnograficheskogo izucheniya narodov komi. Monografiya [History of ethnographical study of the Komi peoples. A mongraph]. MAE RAN. Lema Press, St. Petersburg, 2011, 514 pp.
- “Uvedi menya, doroga”: sbornik statei pamyati T. A. Bernshtam [Lead me away, my road: A collection of articles in memory of T. A. Bernshtam] / Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Russian Academy of Sciences [ed. by N. Ye. Mazalova et al.]. – St. Petersburg: MAE RAN, 2010, 457 pp.,  ill. plates, portrait: ill., image.
- Folklor i etnografiya. K devyanostoletiyu so dnya rozhdeniya K. V. Chistova: [sbornik nauchnykh statei] [Folklore and ethnography. For the 90th anniversary of K. V. Chistov [a collection of scientific articles]] / Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Russian Academy of Sciences; [Publication editors: A. K. Baiburin, T. B. Schepanskaya]. – St. Petersburg: MAE RAN, 2011, 315 pp., illustrations.
- Schevchenko Yu. Yu. Khristianskiye peschernye svyatyni. T. 2: Peschernye svyatyni khristianskoi Rusi: genesis, funktsionirovaniye, contekst [Christian cave holy places. Vol. 2: Cave holy places of the Christian Russia] / Publication editor: K. V. Chistov, Associate Member of the RAS. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2010, 640 pp., 248 ill. ISBN 978-5-02-025544-9 (Vol. 2)
- Schepanskaya T. D. Sravnitelnaya etnografiya professiy: povsednevnye praktiki i kulturnye kody (Rossiya, konets XIX – nachalo XXI v.) [Comparative ethnography of occupations: Everyday practices and cultural codes (Russia, late 19th – early 21st century] / T. B. Schepanskaya; Peter the Great Museum Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera, Russian Academy of Sciences. – St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2010, 338 pp.
Popular science publications:
- Kon’kova O. I., Romanova N. Ye. Izhorskaya traditsionnaya kukla [Traditional Ingrian dolls]. 2nd edition, extended and amended. St. Petersburg, 2011, 80 pp., col. ill.
- Kon’kova O. I. (jointly with L. S. Lavrentieva and L. A. Saksa) Korennye narody Leningradskoi oblasti (informatsionno-spravochnoye izdaniye dlya detei) [Indigenous peoples of Leningrad Oblast (information and reference book for children)]. St. Petersburg, 2014, MAE RAN, 84 pp.
- Kon’kova O. I. Inkeroin keel. Uchebnoye posobiye po izhorskomu yazyku [Ingrian language learning guide]. St. Petersburg, 2014, MAE RAN, 84 pp.
- Kon’kova O. I. Vad’d’a ceeli. Uchebnoye posobiye po vodskomu yazyku [Votic language learning guide]. St. Petersburg, 2014, MAE RAN, 84 pp.
- Kon’kova O. I. Izhora. Ocherki istorii I kultury [Izhora. History and culture: Essays]. 3rd edition, extended and amended. St. Petersburg, 2013, 252 pp.
- Kon’kova O. I. Izhorskaya traditsionnaya kukla (sovmestno s N. Ye. Romanovoi) [Traditional Ingrian dolls (jointly with N. Ye. Romanova)]. 3rd edition, extended and amended. St. Petersburg, 2013, 64 pp., col. ill.
- Kon’kova O. I. Traditsionnye prazdniki narodov Ingermanlandii [Traditional feasts of the peoples of Ingria]. St. Petersburg, 2011, 340 pp.
- Kon’kova O. I. Uchebnoye posobiye po vodskomu i izhorskomu yazyku [Votic and Ingrian language learning guide]. St. Petersburg, 2015. A. S. Pushkin Leningrad Oblast University Press, 108 pp.
- Kon’kova O. I., Romanova N. Ye. Vodskaya traditsionnaya kukla [Traditional Votic dolls]. 2nd edition, extended and amended. St. Petersburg, 2011, 80 pp, col. ill.