One of the mysterious nations of Russia -
the Chuvashs, lives over the mid-Volga area since the ancient times. They are
considered to be successors of ancient Turkic, Finno-Ugric and Iranian cultures.
The Chuvashs formed the core of the powerful medieval state - Bulgaria of Volga.
Silver and rich embroidery
were aimed to protect maidens and women, or rather, their female origin against
evil spirits, whammy and spells. Silver coins were sewed on the base in a
scales" way. Such scales" ornaments extremely remind of military armour. The
word ama refers to the name of the Goddess of fertility.
The Museum bought in 1999
from Parfionow N.P. the hereditary ornament ama. It was renovated; lost coins
were changed for new ones. 192 Russian silver coins of 1762-1938 with
representations of Peter III, Paul I, Catherine II, Elisabeth I, Nicholas II,
and some Spanish and Polish coins were kept.
This element of dress is very important for the
festival culture in Alikovskiy, Morgaushskiy, Krasnochetayskiy, Vurnarskiy and
Yadrinskiy districts. The ama are put on as before during all family
celebrations, weddings and rural festivals.
In the village Sredniye
Algashi in Tsilninskiy district, Ulyanovskiy region exists a legend. The Tsar
has received a complaint on peasants. They ostensibly did not obey his orders.
The Tsar flew into a rage, demanded an explanation. To keep answer the village
sent the most beautiful girl, dressed up with bright embroidered dress and
ornaments from silver coins. Why don't you obey the Tsar?!" - was the question.
Father-Tsar, we are obedient to our Tsar-Patsha, that is why we carry his image
on our tender breast", - was the answ