Clash of Empires: the British, French and Indian War, 1754-1763
The exhibition highlights the 250 anniversary of the
French – Indian War (1755 – 1763), which changed the course of American history.
The war began due to British and
French claims to the territories of the Ohio River Valley where at that time 3
000 to 4 000 American Indians were living.
On 28 May, 1754 the first short was
fired at the place of the contemporary Pittsburg. Voltaire remarked: "such was
the complication of political interests that a cannon shot fired in America
could give the signal that set Europe in a blaze."
Military actions of the Great
Britain, France, allied forces of American Indians in North America, and
conflict of Prussia’s politics with that of Austria, France and Russia initiated
the Seven-year War (1756—1763) between Austria, France, Russia, Spain, Saxony,
Sweden on one side and Prussia, the Great Britain (in union with Hannover) and
Portugal on the other. According to the Paris peace treaty of 1763 the Great
Britain gained Canada, East Louisiana, the larger part of French possessions in
India. The main result of the Seven-year War was the victory of the Greta
Britain over France in the fight for colonial and trade leadership.
Clash of Empires: the British, French and Indian War,
1754-1763 is the first major museum exhibition ever staged on this
dramatic period in world history. The exhibition comprises about 300 artifacts –
items of civil and military life, crafts, weapons, documents mirroring everyday
life of European, colonial and American Indian participants.
The Peter the Great Museum of
Anthropology and Ethnography provided 10 items of the mid of the 18th century on
everyday life of North – East Iroquois.