Correlation between soft tissues and bone base

Elaborating his unique method of facial reconstruction from crania, Gerasimov proceeded from comparing the shape of the face and that of the cranium. Having compared a huge amount of radiographs and photographs made in the same projection, and having measured hundreds of heads, he arrived at several conclusions:

  • a marked relationship exists between facial shape and cranial shape
  • the thickness of soft tissues is independent from racial affinities
  • the thickness of soft tissues is nearly independent even from age

Gerasimov’s major achievement was the assessment of the relationship between the thickness of tissues and the development of bone relief. Providing a basis for all future conclusions, this was a milestone that guaranteed a successful implementation of the method.

The next step in the development of the method was to examine the standard reference points used in craniometry, and to select the key points which would secure maximal accuracy for the reconstruction of soft tissues.

Correlation between a photograph and a radiograph of an individual faceStandard thickness of soft integuments along the midline at age 23-29 on radiographsKey reference points of the face used by Gerasimov.

Mikhail Gerasimov’s Career
Mikhail Gerasimov as an Archaeologist
Reconstruction of the Face from the Cranium
The Predecessors
Elaboration of the method
Correlation between soft tissues and bone base
Reconstructing facial features
Facial asymmetry
Control experiments
Stages in the reconstruction process
Fields of application
Further development of the method
“Sinanthropus” (Member of the Species Homo Erectus)
Homo Neanderthalensis (Neanderthal man)
Neanderthal Child from Teshik-Tash
People of the Upper Paleolithic
People of the Mesolithic
People of the Early Iron Age
Drawings by M.M. Gerasimov