Facial asymmetry

Facial asymmetry, demonstrated by Gerasimov, was a surprise since it rarely strikes the eye. Individual differences in the degree of facial asymmetry proved no less marked than those in facial features. This was illustrated both by measurements and by the comparison of photographs composed of right and left halves of the same face (one half must be reversed while printing) with normal photographs of the same face. Facial images thus obtained are quite different.

Gerasimov was the first to establish that facial asymmetry is directly determined by cranial asymmetry. He concluded that each side of the face must be reconstructed separately. This principle became basic for his method.

An example of asymmetrical faces construction from two right and left halves

Transects through a  female face.

Transects through a male face

Mikhail Gerasimov’s Career
Mikhail Gerasimov as an Archaeologist
Reconstruction of the Face from the Cranium
The Predecessors
Elaboration of the method
Correlation between soft tissues and bone base
Reconstructing facial features
Facial asymmetry
Control experiments
Stages in the reconstruction process
Fields of application
Further development of the method
“Sinanthropus” (Member of the Species Homo Erectus)
Homo Neanderthalensis (Neanderthal man)
Neanderthal Child from Teshik-Tash
People of the Upper Paleolithic
People of the Mesolithic
People of the Early Iron Age
Drawings by M.M. Gerasimov