CARPET

In Jeynov, as in all Muslim countries, the carpet is a key article in the decoration of the home. The carpet may be used in different ways - as a bed, as a table, as a "chest" for dowry, and even as a kind of temple. Carpet weaving is the main occupation for women. It unites women of several generations and creates an atmosphere favourable for the passing on of traditions, style and secret knowledge from older to younger members of the family. The masters of carpet weaving form a kind of women's club, and preserve the ancient traditions of creating and decorating carpets. Analyzing these masterpieces, one can learn a lot about the history of the people living in this area, about the migrations of their ancestors, their relations with neighbours, and much more. The carpet can be read as a woven book.

Photos
1. Weavers
2. Tarak - Special Hatchet Used in Weaving

Exhibits
1. Bazaar-gilem carpet made of sheep wool by Arabic weavers in the "slit kilim" technique. Carpets of this kind were made for sale and were designed to meet the requirements of potential customers. In this case, the customers were Tajiks living side by side with the Arabs. The main elements of ornamental design represent ancient totemic symbols - snake-dragons and frogs, along with Sogdian pole-axes forming Buddhist mandala (the local Sogdian population practiced Buddhism during the Kushan period). The "fishbone" pattern (ripples of white wool / series of small triangles) is also very important - it reproduces the tradition of putting fish bones with protective powers under the carpet. Attributed by Elena Tsareva
2. Weaving Hatchet (tarak)

Video
1. Video (3.5Mb) in RealVideo format. Get player.