War bow with bowstring. Kodiak Eskimos. USA , Russian America. North America, The North-West of the continent, Alaska, The Aleutian Islands. Prior to 1838.

War bow with bowstring
Collection MAE RAS: № 563-2
Image ID: 4070643
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Museum inventory number:
№ 563-2
Title:
War bow with bowstring
Ethnicity:
Kodiak Eskimos
Place:
USA , Russian America
Geography:
North America, The North-West of the continent, Alaska, The Aleutian Islands
Date:
prior to 1838
Collector:
Khlebnikov Kirill Timofeevich, employee of the Russian-American Company
Materials:
wood, sinew, paint
Dimensions:
length 142.7 cm, width 6.2 cm, thickness 2.9 cm
Commentation:
This bow and Chugach bow No. 2044—11 are similar in form to the reinforced bows of the Yup’ik Eskimos of Western Alaska who reside in the region between the Nushagak, Kuskokwim and Yukon Rivers. They were used for hunting large animals such as bear, elk and caribou and also as battle weapons. Most likely, bows No. 563—2 and No. 2044—11 were acquired through trade with the Yup’ik Eskimos. “ Kodiak weapons consist of long spears, harpoons and darts with which they hunt sea animals: whales, harbor seals, killer whales and otters. When the residents are at war with one another, they fight with large bows like those of the Alaskans and shoot arrows with slate or copper points” (Lisianskii 1947: 185).
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