Cutting tools for cutting wood and bone No. 593—49/a, -49/b, -49/v, -49/g, -49/d. Collector: I. G. Voznesenskii. 1842—1843, Kodiak Island. Kodiak Eskimos.

Cutting tools for cutting wood and bone No. 593—49/a, -49/b, -49/v, -49/g, -49/d. Collector: I. G. Voznesenskii. 1842—1843, Kodiak Island
Collection MAE RAS:
Image ID: 4072219
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Title:
Cutting tools for cutting wood and bone No. 593—49/a, -49/b, -49/v, -49/g, -49/d. Collector: I. G. Voznesenskii. 1842—1843, Kodiak Island
Ethnicity:
Kodiak Eskimos
Commentation:
Material: caribou antler, iron, sinew. Dimensions: No. 593—49/a: length 21.5 cm, width 3 cm, width of handle 3.4 cm, length of blade 5 cm, width of blade 1.5 cm No. 593—49/b: length 10 cm, width 1.8 cm, length of blade 1.5 cm, width of blade 0.7 cm No. 593—49/v: length 11.6 cm, width 1.6 cm, length of blade 1.9 cm, width of blade 0.8 cm No. 593—49/g: length 15 cm, width 2.6 cm, length of blade 3.5 cm, width of blade 1.1 cm No. 593—49/d: length 12.5 cm, width 1.6 cm, length of blade 2 cm, width of blade 0.7 cm. The handles of cutting tools No. 593—49/b, -49/v, -49/g, -49/d are made up of two bone pieces with a notch for the blade. They are attached by means of a sinew wrapping. This means of attaching the blade belongs to the past when they used stone blades. When they break a blade the handle is taken apart and a new blade inserted. Similar instruments for cutting wood and bone were used by inhabitants of the coast of Norton Sound and other groups of Eskimos living on both sides of the Bering Strait. “The Koniags polish bone very artfully with a small bent knife. They try especially hard to polish cleanly and smoothly those items which they use for spears, constantly measuring and checking them with their eyes. For sawing bones they use a simple part lubricated with fat or a wet gland and for making a hole a small chisel constructed in such a way that it can be rotated by tying ropes around it. “ (Davydov 1812:105).
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