Wakizashi sword.

Wakizashi sword
Collection MAE RAS: № 13-9/2a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j
Image ID: 3858402
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Museum inventory number:
№ 13-9/2a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j
Title:
Wakizashi sword
Dating:
Blade (14th-15th), tsuba (17th c.),mount (18th c.)
Location:
Japan
Materials:
hammered steel, wood of magnolia, copper, copper alloys, lacquer vanish, guitarfish skin, silk cord
Technics:
gold plating, silvering, blacksmithing, tempering, polishing, engraving, incrustation, caulking, applique, patinating, lacquering
Dimensions, cm:
Sword in the mounting: 58.2 x 7.5 x 7.5
Collector:
Siebold, von Philipp Frantz (?)
Commentation:
The sword consists of the following items: blade (toshin), scabbard (saya), habaki, 2 seppa, handle (tsuka) (made of magnolia wood, covered with shark skin and braided with dark-blue silk cord) with 2 menuki figurines, fuchi and kashira. The blade is of shinogi-zukuri form, with 1 mekugi-ana, signed 相州住廣正 Soshu-ju Hiromasa (Hiromasa living in Sagami province) – it was a mei used by a group of Sagami swordsmiths active in the 14th – 15th c. Hamon pattern: suguha-midare with some ko-notare. Horimono engraving: a stylized kurikara dragon coiling over a ken sword and bonji. A thick shinchu maru-gata tsuba is signed 平戸住国重造 Hirado-ju Kunishige; this late 17th c. tsubako smith from Hirado is known as one of the founders of the Namban style of tsuba and other kanamono. This tsuba has a design of two unryu dragons (one with the ken sword protruding out from his tail) playing with the hoju pearl. Technique: takabori high relief carving, patina, gilding. The rim of the tsuba is carved with a series of the repeating nambanji characters. Fuchi and kashira are decorated in the same style: the surface ishime in high relief, with dark patina and some gilding; both have a maru-ni mitsu katabami kamon – a design of three katabami lives in a ring, in high relief applique; that at the fuchi is divided into 2 parts – most of the design is placed at the facial side of the fuchi, the remaining part – atits opposite side. Saya (scabbard) is made of magnolia and covered with black kuro-urushi lacquer in the kawa-nuri technique. A kogatana knife with a kozuka handle is inserted into the saya. The kozuka is decorated with nanako and a gilded ogi fan and karakusa design. The kogatana is signed: 伴入道風一作之 Tomonao nyudo Fuichi saku – “Tomonao nyudo Fuichi made this” (this smith form Iga province was active in the late 17th c. and was specializing in the kogatana production).