Carved ostrich egg. Iranians.

Carved ostrich egg
Collection MAE RAS: № 2447-4
Image ID: 3514510
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Title:
Carved ostrich egg
Ethnicity:
Iranians
Place:
Iran (Persia)
Location:
West and South West Asia
Date:
Late 19th cent.
Materials:
ostrich egg shell
Collector:
Romaskevich Aleksandr Aleksandrovich, orientalist (Iranian studies), professor of St.Petersburg University
Commentation:
Carved ostrich eggs were one of the most valued types of decorative pieces of art in the East. Due to their fragility, not many of them have preserved until today, and each of them is valued as a masterpiece of the very complicated art of eggshell carving. This sample is characterized by ideal proportions of the ornament and its peculiarity, as well as by the use of the two-layer painting technique. Ostrich egg shell is one of the earliest craftwork materials in history. It was used starting from the Stone Age in all areas where ostriches are found – from Central Asia to Africa. Ostrich eggshell was used to make decorations, mosaics and inlays. Whole eggshells with cutaway tops also served as vessels. In the East, ostrich eggshells were decorated with paintings, carving, engraving and blackening. Multi-layer techniques were often used. Creation of a two-color painting, for which the thinnest white inner layer served as a background, required extremely high precision from the carver. Such vessels, decorated with maps, scenes from ancient Iranian epos or portraits of historical figures were precious objects that only well-off people could afford to have. The collections of the MAE RAS contain two decorative ostrich eggs. This sample is a two-color carved eggshell with five cartouches and multi-petal rosettes. In the center of the lower rosette, there is an image of a woman’s face. The cartouches contain sitting dervishes holding Sufi attributes in their hands: ritual axes, horns, and a baton with a bull-head top. Judging by these images, we can assume that this eggshell comes from Iran.