Department of East and Southeast Asia
Universitetskaya nab., 3. St.Petersburg, 199034
Phone: +7 (812) 328-41-22
Igor ALIMOV, Doctor of Sciences, Head of the Department (traditional spiritual culture of the peoples of China, Chinese folk beliefs, Chinese written monuments of the 1st – 13th century).
Dmitriy IVANOV, senior researcher, Candidate of Sciences
Elena IVANOVA, Doctor of Sciences, lead researcher (various aspects of the traditional material and spiritual culture of peoples of Southeast Asia (primarily Thailand), Buddhist sculpture, history of the science of ethnography, formation of the Department’s collections).
Polina RUD', research assistant (Chinese export paintings, Chinese folk pictures, everyday life of the Chinese in the Qing period, history of formation of the MAE Chinese collections).
Alexander SINITSYN, Candidate of Sciences, senior researcher (traditional Japanese weapons and armor; traditional Japanese art (painting, ukiyo-e prints, varnishes, ceramics) in the MAE RAS archive; history and collectors of the MAE RAS Japanese collections; traditional culture of the Samurai caste of Japan; traditional culture of Burma).
History of the Department
The history of the Department of East and Southeast Asia as a structural unit of the MAE RAS had several phases. In the early 20th century, a department of cultured Asian countries was established in the MAE (Principal: A. I. Ivanov, until 1925). It was then transformed into the Far East Department headed by G. O. Monzeler and A. Ye. Gluskina. And in 1933, after the MAE was transformed into the Institute of Ethnography and Anthropology of the USSR Academy of Sciences, it was headed by N. V. Kühner.
After the Institute’s reorganization in 1937, the Museum’s Department of India, Indonesia, and Far East was set up (led by N. V. Kühner who simultaneously headed the East and Southeast Asia Room).
In 1948, a Department of Orient was set up as part of the Ethnography Institutes of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Moscow. In this context, an East and South Asia Team was established in Leningrad. It was headed by N. V. Kühner up to his death in 1955. Later, it was headed by K. V. Vyatkina and R. F. Its.
In 1970, when the team incorporated the Australia and Oceania department, it was renamed Sector of East and Southeast Asia, Australia, and Oceania. In 1972 it split into the Sector of Foreign Asia (Principal: D. I. Tikhonov, then A. M. Reshetov after 1975) and Sector of Australia, Oceania and Indonesia (Principal: N. A. Butinov).
There were several more reorganizations in the 1990s, after the establishment of the MAE RAS. The Department in its current state has existed since 2002.
Over the years of its existence, the Department had such prominent specialists as L. L. Viktorova (Mongolia), K. V. Vyatkina (Mongolia), G. A. Glovatsky (China), A. Ye. Gluskina (Japan), A. I. Ivanov (China), Yu. V. Ionova (Korea), R. F. Its (China), R. A. Ksenofontova (Japan), N. V. Kühner (China), A. I. Mukhlinov (Vietnam), V. S. Starikov (China), G. G. Stratanovich (China), D. I. Tikhonov (China) etc.
Essential Topics of Research
Origin and ethnic history of the region’s peoples; current ethnic composition and ethnic processes; social organization; traditional material and spiritual culture; study and publication of the Department’s collections; history of Russian and international ethnography. In recent years, the Department researchers have been working for the research topics The Academic Museum in the 18th – 21st centuries: History of the concepts and collections (For the 300th anniversary of the Kunstkamera). Ethnic history and cultural heritage of peoples of the world..
- Alimov I. The work by Zhou Cheng: «Research on the Eastern Song capital»: information on temples and joss-houses // Manuscripta Orientalia. SPb., 2006. N 3.
- Alimov I. «Tai-ping guang ji»: Motives Related to the Dead Souls // Manuscripta Orientalia. 2009. N 1.
- Alimov I. Scientific and technical thought of old China in «Meng xi bi tan» // Manuscripta Orientalia. 2010. N 3.
- Alimov I. The XIII century Southern China in «Ping zhou ke tan» // Manuscripta Orientalia. 2010. N 4.
- Alimov I. Cood Reviews: Three early collections of Buddhist stories // Manuscripta Orientalia. 2013. N 1.
Publications in Russaian
Practically all of the Department’s researchers are authors of many papers, and monographs in particular. Among the most interesting ones, Dr. Ivanova’s series of monographs should be mentioned, dedicated to Thailand and to clothes and decorations of Southeast Asia’s peoples; a series of monographs by I. A. Alimov dedicated to the history of Chinese written monuments of the 1st – 13th cc.; papers by A. Yu. Sinitsyn on the Samurai and on works of Japanese artists of the early 19th century in the MAE collections; and a series of collective works dedicated to the culture, ethnic processes, etiquette, and childhood ethnography of the region’s peoples. Among the most important publications, the following monographs and collections of articles should be mentioned:
- Alimov I. A. Vsled za kistyu: Materialy k istorii sunskikh avtorskikh sbornikov bitzi. Issledovaniya, perevody. Chast I. [After the brush: Materials for the history of the Song biji authored collections, Studies and translations. Part I] St. Petersburg: Peterburgskoye Vostokovedeniye, 1996, 272 pp.
- Alimov I. A., Serebryakov Ye. A. Vsled za kistyu: Materialy k istorii sunskikh avtorskikh sbornikov bitzi. Issledovaniya, perevody. Chast II. [After the brush: Materials for the history of the Song biji authored collections, Studies and translations. Part II] St. Petersburg: Peterburgskoye Vostokovedeniye, 2004, 448 pp.
- Alimov I. A. Les zapisei: kitaiskiye avtorskiye sborniki X-XIII vv. v ocherkakh i perevodakh [The forest of notes: Chinese authored collections of the 10th-13th cc. in essays and translations]. St. Petersburg: Peterburgskoye Vostokovedeniye, 2009, 912 pp.
- St. Petersburg: Peterburgskoye Vostokovedeniye
- Ivanova E. V. Ocherki kultury taitsev Tailanda [Essays on the culture of Thailand’s Thai]. Moscow: Vostochnaya literatura, 1996, 303 pp.
- Ivanova E. V. Odezhda i ukrasheniya narodov Yugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Opyt sravnitelno-tipologicheskogo issledovanya [Clothes and decorations of peoples of Southeast Asia. An attempt at a comparative typological study]. St. Petersburg: MAE RAN, 2002, 173 pp.
- Kislyakov V. N. Materialy po istorii MAE [Materials for the history of the MAE]. St. Petersburg: MAE RAN, 2006.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. Oruzhiye i boevoye snaryazheniye yaponskikh samuraev: Katalog kollektsiy MAE [Weapons and battle outfit of the Japanese Samurai]. St. Petersburg: MAE RAN, 1999, 159 pp.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. Samurai – rytsari Strany voskhodyaschego solntsa [The Samurai – knights of the Land of the Rising Sun]. St. Petersburg, Paritet, 2007, 352 pp.
- Among the most important articles of the Department’s researchers of recent years, the following may be mentioned:
- Alimov I. A. Kitaiskiy kult lisy I “Udivitelnaya vstrecha v Zapadnom Shu” Li Syan-minya [Chinese fox cult and “The Marvelous Encounter in Western Shu” by Li Xian-min] // Religioznyi mir Kitaya 2005: Issledovanya. Materialy. Perevody. Moscow, 2006.
- Ivanova E. V. Obryady zhiznennogo tsykla hmongov (po dannym polevykh issledovaniy kontsa XX v.) [Rites of the lifecycle of the Hmongs (according to field research data of the late 20th century)] // Istoricheskaya etnografiya. Vypusk 3. Malye etnicheskiye i etnograficheskiye gruppy / Sbornik statei, posvyaschennyi 80-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya professora Rudolfa Ferdinandovicha Itsa. St. Petersburg, 2008, pp. 130-137.
- Kislyakov V. N. Muzei antropologii i etnografii im. Petra Velikogo (Kunstkamera) RAN – odno iz krupneishikh khranilisch kitaiskikh etnograficheskikh kollektsiy [Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the RAS – one of the largest depositories of Chinese ethnographical collections] // Sankt-Peterburg – Kitai. Tri veka kontaktov. St. Petersburg, 2006, pp. 36-42.
- Kislyakov V. N. MAE RAN: kollektsii po aborigennym narodam Sibiri [MAE RAS: Collections on indigenous peoples of Siberia] // Slavyanskiy khod 2012 – 2013. Materialy i issledovaniya. Issue 6. Khanty-Mansiisk – Surgut, 2014, pp. 53 – 73.
- Kislyakov V. N. Rabochaya bibliografiya po obskim ugram [A working list of references on the Ob Ugrians] // Slavyanskiy khod 2012 – 2013. Materialy i issledovaniya. Issue 6. Khanty-Mansiisk – Surgut, 2014, pp. 35 – 52
- 40 publisher’s signatures.
- Samsonov D. A. Kinesicheskiye aspekty koreiskogo etiketa: traditsionnyi glubokiy poklon chol i yego varianty [Kinesic aspects of Korean etiquette: the traditional deep bow chol and its versions] // Etnograficheskoye obozreniye, 2007, No. 3, pp. 162-166.
- Samsonov D. A. O koreiskom etikete pri vynashivanii rebenka [On Korean etiquette when bearing a child] // Vestnik Tsentra koreiskogo yazyka i kultury. Issue 9. St. Petersburg, 2007, pp. 205-216.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. Yaponskiye kollektsii Kunstkamery epokhi Yekateriny Velikoi [Japanese collections of the Kunstkamera in the times of Catherine the Great] // Iz veka Yekateriny Velikoi. Puteshestviya I puteshestvenniki. Materialy XIII Tsarskoselskoi nauchnoi konferentsii. St. Petersburg, 2007, pp. 446-454.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. Kollektsiya Frederika Iohanna van Overmeera Fishera v yaponskom sobranii MAE RAN [Collection of Frederik Johannes van Overmeer Fisscher in the Japanese collection of the MAE RAS] // Rossiya i Yaponiya. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov. St. Petersburg, 2007, pp. 254-267.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. “Kuryoznye nepristoinosti” v yaponskom sobranii MAE RAN [“Amusing obsenities” in the Japanese archive of the MAE RAS]. // Kuryoz v iskusstve i iskusstvo kuryoza. St. Petersburg, 2008, pp. 365-377.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. Petrovskaya Kunstkamera i pervye yaponskiye veschi v Rossii [Ther Petrine Kunstkamera and first Japanese objects in Russia] // Pod parusom “Pallady.” Miscellany. St. Petersburg, 2008.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. Izobrazheniya deyaniy znamenitykh voinov epokhi voiny Gempei na farforovykh plastinakh iz kollektsii № 2932 MAE RAN [Images of feats of famous warriors of the Genpei War epoch on porcelain plates from Collection No. 2932 of the MAE RAS] // Keramika i farfor Dalnego Vostoka. Problemy stilya i vzaimovliyaniy / Proceedings of the State Hermitage LIX. St. Petersburg, 2012, pp. 95–112.
- Sinitsyn A. Yu. Yaponskiy mech: spetsifika traditsionnogo podkhoda k tipologicheskoi klassifikatsii [Japanese sword: Specifics of the traditional approach to typological classification] // Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Istoriya, filologiya. Novosibirsk, 2012. Vol.11. Issue 4, pp.49–57.
- Sokolov A. M. Ukrasheniya i poyasa v bytu i kultakh ainov [Decorations and belts in the everyday life and cults of the Ainu] // Etnograficheskoye obozreniye. 2007, No. 2, pp. 138-149.